Demystifying Four Popular Diets

Demystifying Four Popular Diets

Family Food General Health Nutrition

Which diet is best for you – we give you the pros and cons of each

By: Michelle Hopkins

August 2019

We all have that aha moment, that instant when we tell ourselves, enough is enough, I need to lose weight. Sure, we all know how we should eat healthier, but it’s really hard to resist temptations like a big, juicy burger or a slice of sinfully delicious chocolate cake! It’s no surprise that eating well is still difficult for many of us.

If you are truly committed, you might now you asking yourself, which diet will help you win the battle of the bulge? Keto, Atkins, Mediterranean or Paleo? . . . it’s enough to make one want to grab a donut. 

Experience Delta reviews some of the pros and cons of each.

Keto: This diet consists of high-fat, low-carb, with a small amount of protein. The theory behind Keto is that if you severely restrict carbohydrates (to two to five per cent), you will reach ketosis – a metabolic state that thrust your body into using fat for fuel. On the downside, Keto is usually a short-term fix because it’s hard to stay on such a restrictive diet. Cons include increased risk of kidney stones, osteoporosis and severe fatigue.

Atkins: One of the granddaddies of low carb diets, this diet, rich in protein and healthy fat, is split into four phases, in which you gradually increase your consumption of good carbs to 20 per cent. Pros include improvements in blood sugar levels, “good” HDL cholesterol, triglycerides and other health markers. On the cons, eating so much protein can cause severe constipation, bad breath, fatigue and dehydration.

Mediterranean: Touted by the World Health Organization and backed by a lot of science, this internationally popular plant-based diet is heart healthy and said to decrease your risk of cancer, diabetes and other chronic diseases. Best of all, it features some seriously delicious food. This diet encourages daily consumption of vegetables, fruits, whole grains and healthy fats; weekly portions of fish and seafood, poultry, beans and eggs; moderated dairy products and very little red meat. There are really no health cons to this diet.

Paleo: Also dubbed the caveman diet, Paleo is basically rich in lean animal protein, including seafood rich in omega-3 fatty acids, as well as eggs, fruits, vegetables and raw nuts. Lots of great anti-inflammatory benefits as this is considered a “clean” diet free of additives, preservatives, or chemicals. You might feel sluggish on this diet as it doesn’t encourage grains or dairy products.

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